Canada’s Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

The Federal Skilled Worker Program (often known as the Federal Skilled Worker Class) is Canada’s flagship immigration program for staff, permitting the nation to welcome tens of thousands of newcomers yearly based mostly on their skill to change into established in Canada’s workforce.

Who is it for?
Professionals and expert staff world wide who wish to immigrate to Canada completely can accomplish that by the Federal Skilled Worker Program. Candidates can apply with their partner/companion and dependent kids.

What’s the processing time for Federal Skilled Worker Program?
80 % of full purposes are processed inside six months or much less.

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What’s Express Entry?

Express Entry permits Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to ask eligible candidates to make an utility for everlasting residence.

These candidates have all made a proper ‘Expression of Curiosity’ to settle in Canada by creating an internet Express Entry profile. Eligible candidates have their profiles accepted to the Express Entry pool the place they’re given a rating and ranked below the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) based mostly on the non-public data they offered.

Along with the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the pool accommodates candidates below the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) and Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC). IRCC then invitations candidates to use throughout its Express Entry attracts from the pool.

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Federal Skilled Worker Program benefits

For Federal Skilled Worker Program candidates there are two distinct advantages, and one attainable disadvantage, below Express Entry.


  • Federal Skilled Worker Class candidates don’t require any connection to Canada with a view to be eligible for this system. Minimal necessities for work expertise, language proficiency, and schooling can all be accomplished exterior of Canada, so this system is a wonderful choice for these dwelling exterior of Canada.
  • The Federal Skilled Worker Program candidates obtain the best proportion of invites to use, with FSWC candidates receiving greater than half of all invites issued in 2018.

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Potential disadvantage:

  • Even in case you are eligible to use below the Federal Skilled Worker Program, there isn’t a assure that you’ll obtain an invitation to use. In case your CRS rating is beneath the cut-off required to obtain an invite, seek the advice of our information on tips on how to enhance your CRS rating.

Let’s go over the eligibility necessities for the Federal Skilled Worker Program, as it’s not sufficient simply to have expert work expertise.

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Eligibility Requirements – Federal Skilled Worker

To be able to be eligible to submit an Express Entry profile below the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you could meet a number of minimal eligibility standards:

  • Work Experience: You have to have a minimal of 12-months of full-time, expert work expertise, or an equal quantity in part-time expertise. This expertise have to be steady and in a single occupation. To be thought-about “expert” expertise, you could have been working in an occupation at National Occupation Classification (NOC) Ability Degree 0, A, or B.
  • Language Proficiency: You have to take an accredited language check exhibiting you’re proficient in both English or French. The minimal rating for FSWC is the same as the Canadian Language Benchmark of Degree 7 (CLB 7), though the upper you rating, the higher your probabilities of success.

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  • Training: You have to have accomplished a minimal schooling equal to the completion of a Canadian highschool diploma. In case your schooling was accomplished exterior of Canada, you’ll need an Instructional Credentials Assessment (ECA) testifying to the worth of your schooling by Canadian requirements.
  • Federal Skilled Worker Points Grid: All FSW candidates should rating a minimal of 67 out of 100 factors on the FSW factors grid. Particulars are beneath.
  • Settlement Funds: You have to have sufficient funds to assist your settlement in Canada. Particulars are beneath.

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In the event you meet these minimal necessities, it’s possible you’ll be eligible to submit an Express Entry profile. Nevertheless, please word that being eligible doesn’t assure that you simply’ll be invited to submit an official utility for Canadian everlasting residence. Express Entry is a aggressive immigration choice system, so solely the best rating FSWC candidates can be invited to use.

The right way to apply for FSW – Step-by-step instructions

Let’s look at the process — from checking your eligibility, to getting your Permanent Resident (PR) card.

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Step 1: Check your eligibility.

Utilizing the eligibility standards outlined above, be certain that you meet the minimal requirements for this system for work expertise, language proficiency, and schooling. Plus, be sure you examine your rating on the FSW points grid.

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Step 2: Acquire the documents your have to create a profile.

To be able to create your Express Entry profile, you’ll want three sorts of paperwork:

  1. Identification: Be sure to have a sound passport.
  2. Language Proficiency: You want check outcomes from an accredited language check that you simply took inside the two years previous to creating your profile. For English, candidates could take the IELTS or CELPIP check. For French, the TEF and TCF are the two out there choices. Candidates with some skill in each English and French may be awarded extra factors for skill of their second language.
  3. Training: For schooling completed exterior of Canada, you want an Educational Credentials Assessment (ECA).

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Step 3: Create an Express Entry profile

This step is completed on the IRCC web site. You may be requested to offer some private data, a few of which is self-declared (such as your work historical past), and a few of which have to be accompanied with the paperwork from the earlier step.

Step 4: Enhance your profile and ranking under the CRS

In case your CRS rating is beneath the cut-off required to obtain an invite to use, seek the advice of our information on tips on how to enhance your CRS rating.

One in style technique of increasing your CRS rating is to re-take your language checks. In case your scores might be improved, it could be worthwhile to take a while to study after which sit the exam once more.

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There are different potential methods to enhance your rating, reminiscent of finishing extra work expertise or seeing in case you are eligible below one of many Express Entry-aligned Provincial Nominee Program streams, notably these within the province by which you work(ed). Your expertise and abilities could also be in demand within the province, and so there might be a 600-point bonus ready for you.

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Step 5: Receive an invitation to use

That is arguably the step that brings essentially the most pleasure, because it permits you and your loved ones, if relevant, to submit an utility for everlasting residence. From this level, you should have 60 days to submit an entire utility. ITAs are issued when IRCC conducts one in every of its attracts from the Express Entry pool.

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Step 6: Full a medical examination, present safety background checks, and submit an e-application

All Federal Skilled Worker applicants are screened for potential medical and legal inadmissibility. With your utility, you’ll need to indicate that you’ve accomplished a medical examination with an IRCC-recognized panel doctor.

As well as, it’s important to present a police background examine (often known as a clearance certificates) from every nation you may have lived in for a minimum of six months because the age of 18. The e-application, which have to be submitted inside 60 days of receiving an ITA, should additionally embrace detailed work reference letters from earlier employers.

Given the tight time-frame, it’s a good suggestion to collect the background checks and work reference letters before you obtain an ITA.

Read also: Canadian Experience Class Easy Eligibility Criteria

Step 7: Your e-application is reviewed

A Canadian immigration officer will overview the submitted e-application and allow you to know if anything is required.

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Step 8: Receive confirmation of everlasting resident standing and full your touchdown

80 % of purposes submitted below the Federal Skilled Worker Program are processed inside lower than six months. When an individual is accredited, she or he receives a affirmation of everlasting residence (COPR) doc. An officer at a Canadian port of entry or at a IRCC office signs and dates this doc when everlasting residence is granted.

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Step 9: Get your PR card

After you have your affirmation of standing, it’s possible you’ll then apply in your PR card. In the event you journey exterior Canada, it’s possible you’ll use this card as proof of your standing in Canada.


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Ensure  to take a look at the official Canada Web site here.

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